In case of unemployment

By paying a set percentage of their gross salary, salaried HUART members will join the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund. This means that in case of unemployment you could be entitled to earnings-related unemployment allowance allocated by the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund.

In order to qualify for earnings-related unemployment benefit, you must:

  • have paid all membership fees up until that point
  • fulfill the membership and employment terms of the fund

Please see more information on the conditions and requirements of the earnings-related benefit at the website of the Federation of Unemployment Funds in Finland (TYJ).

The decision on granting an earnings-related benefit is always made by the Teachers Unemployment Fund, and HUART cannot comment on individual earnings-related daily allowance applications. The best way to get advice from the Teachers Unemployment Fund via e-mail (opettajien.tk@opetk.fi).

Instructions for applying for the allowance are found on the FUURT website under “Unemployment security”. These instructions apply to members of the fund who have fulfilled the membership and employment terms of the fund.

If you do not fulfill the conditions for claiming earnings-related allowance or if you for not belong to the fund (for e.g. grant researchers) apply for benefits at Kela, the Social Insurance Institution of Finland.

Please see terms relating to membership and employment in more detail e.g. at the website of the Federation of Unemployment Funds in Finland (TYJ).

You find also useful information from TYJ’s Guide to unemployment fund benefits 2017.

 

Grant researchers do not join the unemployment fund like salaried researchers do. Pension insurance should be arranged via Mela.

N.B.! If you are working on a grant when you join HUART, it is of vital importance that you notify the HUART office when you enter salaried employment for the first time. It is only at this point that you may join of the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund and accrue earnings-related benefits.

Read more:

Unemployment benefit
Grant researchers
Checklist for unemployment

 


Unemployment benefits

Unemployment benefits are paid from two different systems: either a basic allowance from the Social Insurance Institution (Kela) or an earnings-related allowance from a professional unemployment fund.

Unemployment benefits are paid to unemployed persons who have been in a salaried position and to laid off employees. In order to receive earnings-related benefit one must a member of an unemployment fund. In addition, s/he must fulfill the conditions of membership and duration of employment.

Salaried HUART members belong to the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund. Please see more information on the conditions concerning membership and claiming the earnings-related allowance or on the the website of the Federation of Unemployment Funds.

 

Am I entitled to earnings-related unemployment benefit?

On the website of the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund it says that unemployment benefit is paid to people living in Finland who are 17-64 years old, have enrolled as job seekers at the local Employment and Economic Development Office (TE-toimisto), are fit to work and available in the job market and who have not been assigned work or training or who participate in a service to make the more employable. Persons of 65-68 years of age may only exceptionally receive earnings-related benefit from an unemployment fund.

An essential condition for receiving earnings-related benefit is that the member has paid her/his membership fees to HUART and by this to the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund as required. In addition the member must fulfil the conditions of membership and employment.

Salaried HUART members pay membership fees to the fund as part of their membership fee.
Please see more information on the website of the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund or contact them via e-mail (opettajien.tk@opetk.fi). Check out also the FAQ of the The Finnish Union of University Researchers and Teachers (FUURT) on unemployment issues.

 

How to apply for earnings-related unemployment benefit?

If you become unemployed, please see the instructions of the Teachers Unemployment Fund on applying for an earnings-related allowance.

When you become unemployed, there are several things to take into account:

  • Register as a job seeker at your local Employment and Economic Development Office (TE-Office) immediately after you finish work or when your temporary lay-off begins. Please note that you must keep your job seeker status updated according to the instructions given by the TE office. A job seeker must take up employment potentially offered by the office if it fits the expertise and capacities of the job seeker. Turning down an offer of employment might lead to period of no benefits.
  • Apply for earnings-related benefit from the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund. The application must be submitted at the latest by three (3) months from the day you want the benefit to begin from. Please see more details on the website of the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund or the Federation of Unemployment Funds.
  • Inform your unemployment fund of all factors affecting your benefit immediately.
  • Remember to pay your membership fee to the union. A gap of more than 30 days will discontinue your right to a benefit from the fund. By paying your membership fee you will also be entitled to all the membership benefits offered by the union.

Source: the Teacher’s Unemployment Fund


Grant researchers

Grant researchers do not join the unemployment fund like salaried researchers do. Grant researchers must pay their pension contributions through MELA (Farmers’ Social Insurance Institution). For more information, see the MELA website.

If you are working on a grant when you join HUART, it is of vital importance that you notify the HUART office when you enter salaried employment for the first time. It is only at this point that you may join of the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund and accrue earnings-related benefits.

The Ministry of Employment and the Economy gave new instructions in 2009 which facilitate applying unemployment benefit regulations to grant researchers. Nowadays, grants are not taken into account when calculating earnings-related allowance, and the grant period does add up to the condition regarding previous employment. However, the grant period can extend the review period for the condition regarding previous employment. See more on extending the review period here.

FUURT has published instructions on unemployment benefit for researchers. The guide is available on the FUURT website.

 


Checklist for unemployment

When you become unemployed, there are several things to take into account:

  • Register as a job seeker at your local Employment and Economic Development Office (TE office) immediately after you finish work or when your temporary lay-off begins. Please note that you must keep your job seeker status updated according to the instructions given by the TE office. A job seeker must take up employment potentially offered by the office, if it fits the expertise and capacities of the job seeker.  Turning down an offer of employment might lead to period of no benefits.
  • Apply for earnings-related benefit from the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund. The application must be submitted within three (3) months from the day you want the benefit to begin from. Please see more details on the website of the Teachers’ Unemployment Fund or the Federation of Unemployment Funds.
  • Inform your unemployment fund immediately of all factors affecting your benefit.
  • Remember to pay your membership fee to the union. A gap of more than 30 days will discontinue your right to a benefit from the fund. By paying your membership fee you will also be entitled to all the membership benefits offered by the union.
  • After a period as a grant researcher please prepare to confirm that research done with the grant is finished (e.g. an article or a thesis chapter is finished)

Read more on The Finnish Union of University Researchers and Teachers (FUURT) pages on unemployment.

 


 

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